Author Archives: Delkin Industrial

SSD Wear Leveling Tests

 Solid state drives, or SSDs, have many advantages over hard disk drives (HDDs). Since SSDs don’t have moving parts, they don’t fall victim to the mechanical failures that can plague HDDs. They never develop magnetic problems on the platters, since there are no platters to spin. Of course, there is a trade off. SSDs have a finite number of writes that they can perform depending on the kind of flash memory that they use for storage. Wear leveling is Read More...

A Closer Look at Read Disturb Errors

 When NAND flash memory is used only for read operations, many designers believe that they do not have to worry about product lifespan, since no writing is occurring. In reality, even read operations can eventually wear the flash memory out, as repeated read operations can lead to inadvertent reprogramming and damage caused by cross-coupling noise. When these issues occur, they are called read disturb errors. Fortunately, industrial-grade NAND flash memory typically comes with read leveling and ECC integrated to Read More...

Flash Storage Life Cycle & Component Volatility Management

 Industrial Flash Storage for Leading-Edge ApplicationsThe typical Flash user is one that utilizes various form factors for images, temporary portable storage, or high-end, high-speed, high-capacity drives for a compute intensive application, often called the ‘leading-edge’.  This arena changes very rapidly with a life span of sometimes only several months before a product may be declared obsolete or outdated. Delkin Devices works closely with each industrial OEM and customer to ensure the right industrial Flash storage solution is chosen to Read More...

What Is Flash Based SSD?

 A Flash based SSD is a solid state drive that uses NAND flash memory. NAND flash is a nonvolatile form of storage that is critical for allowing SSDs to match the capacity and performance of hard disk drives, or HDDs. With NAND flash memory in play, SSDs have trumped HDDs as the preferred drive style for many users, since it doesn’t have the potential for breakdowns that are commonly caused by the moving parts in HDDs. Here is a Read More...

Answers to Questions About mSATA Speed

 Flash storage that uses the SATA interface is popular in a range of different devices and applications. It has virtually replaced IDE/PATA interfaces that once ruled the market. For applications and devices that want to use the SATA interface but need a small form factor, mSATA is the solution. As with any kind of flash memory, speed is likely to be a  top concern on the minds of engineers when selecting mSATA for storage. Here are the answers to Read More...

Rugged SD Cards 101

 SD cards are a widely used form of flash memory in consumer, commercial, and industrial devices. Rugged SD cards are made specifically for industrial users who need memory that won’t quit in extreme conditions with fluctuating temperatures, shock, and vibration. SD cards have been around since 1999, and one of the reasons they have lasted in the fast-paced world of technology is that they offer superior reliability and simple product integration. Here is what you need to know. SD cards Read More...

DVT and ORT- Exploring Delkin’s Commitment to Product Testing

 Testing is a critical part of creating robust embedded storage devices. It allows problems to be identified and corrected before they ever make their way into an application and cause failures. At Delkin, we’re continually investing in new and better ways to test our products and deliver consistently high-quality industrial storage options. This includes investing in DVT and ORT in-house. DVT and ORTDelkin continuously invests in DVT—Design Verification Testing—and ORT—Ongoing Reliability Testing. We do these tests in-house using advanced testing Read More...

Technical Success Stories: Overcoming Failures with Rugged Environmental Requirement Testing

 CompactFlash (CF) has been a key embeddable storage form factor for over 20 years, thanks to its basic connector design that mimics a hard disk drive, or HDD. It is both rugged and simple, making it a widely used storage form factor. When CF was initially introduced to the market in 1994, the cards used single-level cell, or SLC flash, and were incorporated into thousands of applications. CF cards have four physical chips, and the memory itself is cased Read More...

Technical Features of 32GB mSATA

 mSATA offers the reliability of the popular SATA design in a form factor that’s appropriate for small devices. When mSATA was introduced, it was a computer-centric form of flash memory, intended for use in notebook computers and other thin devices that required powerful storage in a small form factor. Eventually, the low weight and small size of mSATA made it a desirable option for industrial devices as well as consumer products as a boot drive or for data storage. Read More...

Facts about OEM Micro SD Cards

 An OEM micro SD card—also called microSD—can provide high-endurance storage for a wide range of applications. If your application requires reliable storage that uses a minimal amount of power and has the ability to be integrated into multiple form factors, an OEM microSD card could be the right answer for you. These facts will help you determine if these memory cards are the best option for your OEM design. microSD cards have been on the market since 1999.Consumer SD cards, Read More...

Using Embedded Flash Storage in the Industrial Internet of Things

 The internet of things, or IoT, is a complex network of connections between different devices with embedded features. It is changing the landscape of nearly every aspect of life, and as an increasing number of devices achieve this kind of connectivity, the power and usefulness of technology will increase as well. The industrial internet of things, or IIoT, refers to interconnectivity and automation between industrial devices. IIoT encompasses many different industries and needs, but in all of them, storage is Read More...

SD Card Interface FAQs and Answers

 The Secure Digital Card Association established the specifications required for all Secure Digital (SD) memory cards, including the command protocols and the physical SD card interface. This simplifies the application development process for engineers, as the strict guidelines eliminate unexpected deviations and support predictable, reliable operations. Here is a look at the answers to a few common questions about the SD card interface. How can I access the official SD card interface specifications?The Secure Digital Association maintains tight control over Read More...

A Look at mSATA Speed Capabilities

 Certain applications require the performance of a SATA solid state drive (SSD), but with a smaller form factor. For OEMs and developers, the solution is often to use a mini SATA, or mSATA, drive. The mSATA speed and data storage capacity are robust enough to handle applications in any industry—from healthcare and aerospace to gaming and digital signage. In addition, mSATA technology eliminates the need for a 2.5-inch housing, which makes the form factor slim and versatile. The Basics of Read More...

NAND vs. NVMe: What You Need to Know

 NAND vs. NVMe- The ever-expanding need for data storage capacity and speed in both commercial and industrial applications has caused a growing list of options for memory. For engineers and OEMs, keeping up with the advances and determining what fits best in their applications is an ongoing process. A subject that frequently comes up is NAND vs. NVMe—what are these two technologies and how do they compare to each other? As it turns out, NAND and NVMe aren’t in Read More...

Facts about the SMART Industrial Grade Compact Flash CF Card

 Compact Flash has been a leader in flash storage since 1994, when it was first introduced to the market. Since then, it has become a highly sought after and widely used form of flash memory in both consumer and industrial grade applications. SMART industrial grade compact flash CF cards combine the reliability of industrial flash storage with self-monitoring SMART technology to add an extra layer of protection for industrial operations. These popular memory cards are compatible with a wide Read More...

What Is a PCMCIA Memory Card?

 PCMCIA memory cards have been on the market for over 25 years, but there is still a demand for this legacy product. These memory cards are appropriate for both consumer and industrial grade applications, with industrial designs featuring all of the standards you would expect from a rugged memory solution. In fact, PCMCIA memory cards are so reliable that they are frequently found in military applications, where data loss cannot be tolerated. With capacities of up to 4GB and Read More...

JEDEC MO-300 and mSATA Designs

 mSATA is a small form factor solid state drive, or SSD, that is used for flash memory when embedded applications require mountable storage. mSATA can be embedded in OEM applications via screws and a card edge connector. Available in both industrial grade versions that use SLC storage and commercial grade incarnations with MLC flash, mSATA flash storage is designed to meet the specifications for JEDEC MO-300 for compatibility. JEDEC MO-300JEDEC is an international organization with over 300 members that works Read More...

Comparing SLC vs. MLC vs. TLC

 When choosing flash memory, one of the choices you will need to make is between SLC vs. MLC vs. TLC flash. Although all of these grades of NAND flash storage work on the same principles, the way they save data is different, which makes each one best suited for different kinds of applications. Here is a look at how these flash memory grades differ and which applications each is best suited for. SLCSingle-level cell flash, or SLC, is a type Read More...

A Look at the Benefits of MO-300 Industrial Storage

  MO-300 industrial flash storage—more commonly known as mSATA—is a popular option in applications that require powerful storage in a small space. MO-300 industrial storage is specifically made for applications that have unique operating demands, such as the need to work in rugged conditions or handle sensitive data. The fact that mSATA brings the ever-popular SATA interface into a smaller form factor makes it all the more appealing for many developers. In industrial applications, you can find mSATA doing everything Read More...

M.2 SATA vs. mSATA

 If you are looking for SATA-based storage for a small device or application, then M.2 SATA and mSATA are two options that you may consider. Although they have similarities, they are not interchangeable, and one is not better than the other in every case. For engineers, understanding M.2 SATA vs. mSATA and weighing up how they can work for a specific design is the key to making the right choice. Here is a closer look at how these two Read More...

Compact Flash Memory Card 101

 Compact Flash memory card designs are available in a wide range of formats and capacities, with both SLC and MLC flash memory options. Consumers are generally most familiar with Compact Flash storage in the form of camera memory cards, but it can also be used in industrial applications that require increased ruggedness and greater read and write operating speeds. Compact Flash Memory Card DesignsCompact Flash memory cards, or CF cards, are used for embedded applications as both boot drives and Read More...

Reducing Power Fail Issues in Industrial Flash Memory

 As embedded applications increasingly rely on solid state drives rather than traditional hard disc drives, the need to manage power fail issues has become central to ensuring data integrity. Delkin Devices designs solid state drives, or SSDs, that incorporate multiple levels of data protection should a power fail event happen, alongside the other features you expect from Delkin embedded applications, including small footprints, reduced power consumption, increased reliability, and high-level performance. Power Fails in Flash-Based SSDsPower fails that affect flash Read More...

Facts about Industrial USB

 Industrial USB offers the convenience of portable storage with the reliability, capacity, and ruggedness of industrial flash memory. Industrial USB devices are used across a wide range of industries, from the military to aviation and beyond, thanks to the data protection and functionality that they offer. Industrial USB Technical SpecificationsIndustrial USB flash storage is designed to work in rugged environments without any loss of function or capacity. Here is a look at what to expect from an industrial USB:Operating Read More...

FAQs about Flash Storage Devices

 Flash storage devices are a key component in many commercial and industrial applications. There are multiple flash storage devices available for easy integration into a wide range of product designs. Questions often arise as engineers consider flash storage device options. Here are answers to some of the most common queries. What exactly is flash storage?Flash storage devices are an alternative to hard drives for storing data. With flash storage devices, data is stored in memory cells. Flash memory has very Read More...

The Effect Of Data Write Size and Patterns on Solid State Drive Performance

 GeneralThis article will describe the effect of writing small and large data clusters, randomly and sequentially to a Sold State Drive (SSD). Mechanical Vs. Solid State Disk DrivesSpinning mechanical disk drives have one big advantage. They are virtually unaffected by the data transfer size or mode on writes. This is because of the nature of the media. It can be overwritten without any intervening erase. The spots on the media are re-magnetized. Convenient and fast.Not so with Solid State Media. Read More...

What Are My Options for Industrial Flash Storage Customization?

 When it comes to industrial flash storage, one-size-fits-all solutions just don’t work. Every application has its own set of unique needs that have to be met for storage to work seamlessly and prevent operating issues in the field. Delkin understands the need for industrial flash storage customization and works closely with engineers and designers on their industrial OEM needs. In addition to a wide range of industrial flash storage customization options, Delkin will deliver the specific storage you need Read More...

Technical Success Stories: How Delkin Helped A Customer Overcome Application Lifecycle Challenges

 After it debuted in 2009, mSATA quickly became popular as a flash storage solution for both consumer and industrial grade products. Like most new memory formats, mSATA was originally conceived as a solution for consumer products that needed an SSD to replace a disk drive, including laptops, tablets, and mobile devices. mSATA is an SSD by design, though its small size and connectors mean that it fits easily into a variety of mobile products, including many industrial applications. Designers Read More...

Inside the Flash Memory Market

 For engineers and OEMs, understanding the flash memory market is about more than just price considerations. Lifecycle issues also come into play when increased demand for flash memory is present in the marketplace. It is important to choose a flash memory supplier that has a plan for managing supply issues in the face of demand increases so that product lifecycle is not impacted for industrial OEMs. The State of the Flash Memory MarketDemand for flash storage has increased dramatically in Read More...

Exploring Flash Memory Storage Solutions

 Industrial flash memory storage solutions must work flawlessly in demanding environments in which temperatures, vibrations, and shock are extreme. Flash memory is the answer for these needs. There are a variety of flash memory storage solutions that can fit in a number of different devices and applications. For engineers and OEMs, flash memory storage provides the reliability necessary for industrial use. Here are some of the flash memory storage solutions that are available for industrial applications: SD and microSD CardsBoth Read More...

Essential Facts about SMART SSD

 Solid state drives (SSDs) deliver the high performance and high capacity that OEMs need in their data storage solutions, but they’re also capable of much more. Some SSDs come equipped with SMART technology. If it’s been a while since you last dealt with SMART data, here’s a quick primer on SMART SSD solutions. A Quick Explanation of SMART DataSMART is an acronym for Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology. In other words, a SMART SSD has the ability to analyze itself Read More...

Understanding Commercial Temperature Range Electronics

 One of the most significant differentiators between commercial and industrial grade products is their temperature range. Commercial temperature range electronics typically operate at more moderate temperatures than industrial applications, so they usually do not need to use embedded flash storage that can handle extended temperature ranges. Here is what you need to know. Commercial Temperature RangesFlash storage solutions are divided into commercial and industrial categories based on their temperature ranges, among other factors. These temperature ranges refer to the temperatures Read More...

Why SLC SSD Drives Are an Excellent Option

 Single-layer cell (SLC) solid state drives (SSDs) are extremely popular, even though OEMs can also choose from multi-layer cell (MLC) and triple-layer cell (TLC) flash storage. SLC SSD drives are an excellent choice for a wide range of industry applications, including healthcare, embedded automotive solutions, aerospace, and military. The Remarkable Longevity of SLC DesignsSingle layer cell technology has a well-deserved reputation for longevity and reliability, making it the ideal choice for a wide range of enterprise applications. SLC is designed Read More...

Getting to Know the SLC NAND USB Flash Drive

USB flash drives are familiar to even novice computer users. Many people may remember carrying them on a keychain to transport documents to printers or music files to a friend. SLC NAND USB flash drives are different from these consumer models that are so familiar. They combine the convenience of USBs with the rugged operation capacity required for industrial use. These are used for devices in diverse industries, including healthcare, transportation, and military applications. What is an SLC NAND USB Read More...

Is Industrial USB the Right Storage Solution for Your Application?

 USB flash drives are one of the most common and well-recognized storage devices available. In fact, so many people are accustomed to seeing and using USBs that they don’t consider their viability for industrial applications. However, industrial USB solutions are available, and they provide a user-friendly, portable option for storage in high-pressure environments. They are an ideal solution for OEM designs in a variety of industries. Is this the right storage for your application’s needs? When to Choose Industrial USB Read More...

What You Should Know about Military SSD Solutions

The military has unique needs for flash storage that exceed even those of industrial grade products. Military solid state drives, or SSDs, are designed to meet those needs. Military SSDs are unique in their ruggedness, reliability, and erasability, allowing them to function in the most demanding of environments while providing the highest possible levels of security for some of the world’s most delicate data. SSDs provide superior protection for military users.SSDs are an alternative to HDDs, or hard disk Read More...

Using an Embedded USB Flash Module for Industrial Storage

 Embedded USB flash modules bring industrial grade storage with USB functionality to applications that need a flexible, small-sized storage solution. Nearly every processor supports USB interfaces, so this small-form embedded storage option is easy to adopt and integrate across a range of devices and applications. The embedded USB flash module—also known as eUSB—is valued for its low power consumption and fast access times. For many industrial applications, this storage solution is superior to other options. Embedded USB Flash Module Technical Read More...

FAQs about SD Card Industrial Grade Solutions

When choosing a storage solution for your application, don’t underestimate the value of SD card industrial grade devices. These are designed specifically for industrial applications that work using the secure digital interface. They offer a high level of performance, reliability, and endurance with industrial grade features. You can find SD card industrial grade solutions at work in applications in the automation, healthcare, and transportation industries, among many others. They can be used in small hosting devices without any compromise Read More...

mSATA Basics

 If you are looking for flash storage for a device with a small form factor, then mSATA might be the solution for you. Like its larger counterpart, SATA, it is designed following conventions set forth by the SATA-IO Group and JEDEC, and provides an impressive storage capacity in a small setting. Here is what you need to know: mSATA 101mSATA—or mini-SATA—was introduced during the 2009 SATA revision. It was designed to provide SATA SSD-quality flash storage capacity and performance in Read More...

SLC vs. MLC Performance: Quick Guide

 MLC and SLC flash are both reliable, effective NAND flash storage solutions. The challenge that engineers and OEMs face is choosing the right type of storage for their needs. Some applications are best suited to MLC flash, while SLC is a requirement for others. If you are considering these types of flash storage, read through the following comparison of SLC vs. MLC performance: Performance in DevicesMLC flash stores two bits of data per cell, while SLC stores one. MLC uses Read More...

All about SD Card Industrial Grade Solutions

 SD card industrial grade solutions are favored by OEMs for their robust capacity, high endurance, and rugged embedded design. These cards are designed with a low pin number and a small form factor, allowing manufacturers to easily insert them into products with limited space available for data storage. Here’s a quick look at what developers can expect from Delkin’s SD card industrial grade line. CompatibilityDelkin’s SD memory cards are designed to be compatible across a wide range of host devices. Read More...

Storage Insights #2 – Optimizing your Storage Device

Check out the full original post on the element14 Community Blog   Optimizing the Life of Storage Devices In our first Storage Insights post, we discussed that all SD cards are not equivalent, and how different NAND flash and card technologies can be applied to diverse applications for the same storage form factor.  In this edition, we will examine how the device is written to – in terms of both the controller technology and the application workload – can have a significant impact on Read More...

Comparing Compact Flash Card Types

 Compact Flash is a popular and rugged storage solution that’s often used by OEMs, particularly in the design of portable electronics. At Delkin, you’ll find the widest available range of Compact Flash card types. We offer three series of CF cards: the C400 Series, C500 Series, and C670 Series. Each is available with single-level cell (SLC) NAND flash technology. Customization options are available to meet the unique needs of different manufacturers. C400 SeriesThe C400 Series and the C400 Extended Life Read More...

SLC SSD FAQs

 For users in need of flash storage for an industrial application, an SLC SSD is a common choice. SSD stands for solid state drive, which is an alternative to HDDs, or hard disk drives. SSDs are considered to be more reliable than HDDs, and combining SLC NAND flash memory with SSDs offers even greater reliability. Some forms of SLC SSDs, such as SLC SATA III, meet military grade standards for reliability and are dependable for industrial functions in which Read More...

Spotlight on the SD Card Interface

Thanks to simplified design requirements and a serial interface, SD cards are popular with OEMs in industrial applications. The SD Card interface follows strict guidelines, taking guesswork out of the process and ensuring smooth, reliable operations. SD Card Interface BasicsSD Cards are used for NAND flash storage in applications that use the Secure Digital, or SD interface. The SD card interface is strictly controlled by the Secure Digital Association, which set very specific rules regarding the physical interface itself and Read More...

Using SLC Compact Flash 8GB Memory

SLC Compact Flash memory cards are available in a range of different capacities. Developers and OEMs who need SLC Compact Flash 8GB can select from multiple card series, including C400, C500, and C670 cards. All SLC Compact Flash products are designed with industrial grade features, including increased ruggedness and controlled BOMs. Compact Flash 101Compact Flash, or CF, is a line of flash memory cards that are designed to be used in a variety of consumer and industrial products. They are Read More...

Facts about the SATA Interface

SATA—or serial ATA—is a bridge between storage devices and host systems. It is the successor of the PATA interface and entered the market in 2003. The SATA interface is used in many SSDs and is also commonly found in HDDs and optical drives. The interface can be found in consumer devices and industrial applications in a wide range of sizes and designs. For engineers and OEMs considering the role of the SATA interface in their designs or looking for Read More...

Industrial SD for Controls and Automation Applications

For controls and automation applications, flash storage needs are complex. These applications often have to work in environments with heavy vibrations and shock as well as significant temperature fluctuations. To meet the demands of these rugged environments, developers of controls and automation applications frequently turn to industrial SD for their needs. What is industrial SD?Industrial SD is a type of NAND flash storage. It has been developed for industrial applications that use the Secure Digital interface and have the need Read More...

Technical Success Stories: Industrial and Commercial Flash Storage

 Because of how common consumer flash storage products are, some OEMs in need of an embedded solution for industrial applications consider them first. However, there are many reasons that opting for consumer storage for industrial flash storage is not always the right fit. Instead, engineers and OEMs can benefit from considering the usage model of the storage first when they are looking for a solution. Consumer storage products prioritize things that are right for consumer products, such as capacity and Read More...

Recent NAND Trends (And Why Reliability Is So Crucial)

 The year 1987 was an exciting one for tech professionals. It marked the introduction of NAND flash, which made its debut at the IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting in San Francisco. Since that time, innovations in embedded designs and NAND trends have taken off. One of the top items on every developer’s wish list was to increase the storage capacity while keeping the price point on a downward trend. This begs the question: Has reliability been jeopardized in the Read More...

Considerations Beyond Specs for Industrial Storage Solutions

 Multiple flash memory options exist on the market, including triple-level cell (TLC), multi-level cell (MLC), single-level cell (SLC), and pseudo single-level cell (pSLC), which leaves developers facing many decisions when selecting storage for their applications. The key to choosing the right storage is understanding how flash storage works and how different storage-level effects impact the longevity and reliability of the memory. By understanding the mechanism through which flash memory functions, engineers and other developers will know what questions they Read More...